Monolete spores
Earth History Research Center

Many genera of spores from ferns are characterized by kidney-shaped grains with a single elongate scar, called a monolete scar. This scar results from the splitting of the spore mother cell into four equivalent reproductive cells along a vertical axis. When these cells separate, they carry a remnant of the line of commonality in this scar.

This particular spore is from a fern of the large family Polypodiaceae, which includes many common ferns. Ferns range from Devonian to Recent in the fossil record.